Price Oracles

OUSD is designed to stay pegged at 1 USD and be 1:1 backed with its underlying stablecoins. This is trickier than it sounds because these underlying stablecoins are constantly deviating from their own desired 1 USD pegs. While the majority of daily fluctuations are minor, there have been major swings in price that have occurred in the past and are likely to occur again in the future.








Mar 13, 2020


Oct 15, 2018





Aug 02, 2020


May 08, 2019





May 10, 2020


Mar 13, 2020





Nov 25, 2019


Mar 13, 2020





Feb 02, 2017


May 27, 2017





Mar 02, 2015


Jul 24, 2018



The rebasing function treats 1 stablecoin as 1 OUSD for simplicity and to protect OUSD balances from being affected by the daily fluctuations in the price of the underlying stablecoins. Since the rebase function only counts coins, OUSD balances should only increase.

In order to mint and redeem the appropriate number of OUSD on entry and exit, the smart contracts need to accurately price the USDT, USDC, and DAI that is entering and exiting the system. As a decentralized protocol, OUSD must rely on non-centralized sources for these prices.

OUSD fetches the price from multiple on-chain oracles and uses the exchange rate that is most advantageous for the vault when minting or redeeming.

In order to prevent malicious attacks and to encourage long-term investors over short-term speculators, the OUSD contract compares price feeds from multiple sources and will use whichever exchange rate benefits the entire vault over the individual. This mechanism protects the vault funds from arbitrageurs and prevents any individual from being able to take advantage of any temporary inefficiencies caused by mispriced oracles to deplete the shared pool of assets.

This protects the funds in the vault while rewarding long-term holders. Since the safest price depends on the direction of the trade, the Origin oracle exposes both a priceUSDMint() and a priceUSDRedeem().

Here is the initial set of oracles that are being used by OUSD:

The following oracles have been implemented, but are not currently being used due to gas costs:

The specific smart contract address for each oracle being used are listed on our registry page.

It is possible that additional oracles will be added to the protocol over time. Support may also be removed if any of these oracles become unreliable.